Glossary Of Common Basement Waterproofing Terms
The above-ground basement is usually the place where the above- grade waterproof process is used in order to prevent water from accumulating and damaging the structure.
Water is drawn into and accumulates in the cells of a structure.
Backfill is the material interior basement waterproofing used to fill in excavations or trenches.
The basement is the floor or floors of a structure that is partially or completely below the ground.
The floor of a basement is formed by a 4” to 5” concrete slab.
The process that is used to prevent a leaking basement wall and seepage is called basement waterproofing.
Black mold is associated with poor air quality in a building. It is usually found after the water in the structure has accumulated. The people in the structure are exposed to it.
A drain pipe made from concrete or PVC that is used in basement waterproofing is called a bleeder and is usually installed through the foundation to allow water to flow from outside into the interior.
Bowing walls are caused by excessive pressure on the building’s exterior. Water leaking into the wall is caused by the inward movement of the pressure.
The capillary action is the action of water into the floor and walls of the basement. The way in which a sponge draws water is similar.
Material strips made from carbon fibers are waterproof. It can’t stretch when it’s bonding to a wall. If properly installed, it will stop the growth of cracks before they get too far.
The process of applying a material is called caulking. In construction trades caulk is used to close gaps.
The check valve is used for basement waterproofing. It is installed in the discharge line of the sump pumps to allow water to flow in one direction.
Cinder block is made from cinders and concrete. Cinder blocks can be used in the construction of a foundation.
The deadman is placed in soils that are not active or moving.
A coating is a substance that is applied to a surface to make it look better. The coating can be gas, liquid, or solid and can be used to fix a wall.
A cold joint is the intersection between the end of a poured concrete and the start of another poured concrete. Building contractors try to avoid this by pouring concrete until the job is done.
When the air or other materials are cold, condensation occurs when the vapors convert into droplets of water. The process of condensation is the same as condensation on a glass of cold water.
The joint between the floors and the walls is known as a cove. One of the most common sources of water intrusion is this one.
There are a number of reasons why cracks develop in walls and floors. They can be created by design. The crack is a symptom of the problem. Water enters through those cracks when there is enough pressure to force it into penetrating the opening and causing a basement wall to leak.
Crawl space is the unfinished area beneath the first floor. It usually provides access to plumbing and wiring. The air will become stagnant if these areas are not properlyventilated.
Liquid that diffuses in small amounts on the floor. If you see capillary action and/or condensation, it’s a sign that the area is humid.
When a home is being constructed, this application or system helps to prevent minor amounts of water orMoisture from accumulating. It’s viewed as a back-up to a system. The materials used in dampproofing are waterproof.
A dehumidifier is a small appliance or device that enables condensation through the use of cold temperatures for squeezing the humidity out of air into a tray that can easily be emptied. Depending on your needs, you should have a qualified building supply or a hardware person size the dehumidifier for you.
A discharge line is a pipe that is used to divert water away from a pump. You should periodically check these lines to make sure they are not blocking the flow of water.
Downspout is a pipe that diverts water away from the foundation of a home.
The drain tiles were originally manufactured using clay or some type of hard material. The end-to-end laying of these is done near the footing level of the basement in order to prevent the build-up of water.
A dry well is a gravel or rubble filled hole in the ground that is used to correct or prevent a wet basement.
A deposit on the face of masonry is called effflorescence. Water enters the masonry through the cracks.
A lower-viscous material is injected into the cracks in a foundation. If moving andSettling continue, the material is prone to cracking.
A box, cylinder, or tube is usually installed around the outside perimeter of the foundation. It collects water and diverts it away from the foundation of the building.
A general term used to describe the covering of a floor.
There is a base upon which walls are constructed. It is created by pouring concrete into a mold above the water table and then allowing it to cure.
A French drain is a system used to divert water from an area.
The raising of a foundation above the elevation is called heaving.
The hollow block foundation is a type of block wall. A leaking basement is caused by water collecting inside.
The horizontal cracks are related to the displacement of walls that are not plumb. This will cause the walls to leak.
Specific chemical qualities enable the absorption of water.
The pressure that is exerted against a foundation is referred to as static pressure. It is caused by a high water table and when that water is allowed to rest against various heights of the foundation After heavy rains, the pressure builds up against the walls.
There is a moderate level of wetness in the atmosphere. It leads to the growth of mold on basement floors and walls.
Water, air, and other gasses leak into a structure.
The walls of a structure are under a lot of pressure. It can cause a basement wall to leak when the pressure gets too high.
Mildew is a mold that grows on the surface of its host material.
The water that goes through the concrete pores causes it to delaminate. This occurs on floors that are below grade.
The process of removing mold by using certain chemicals is called mold removal.
Negative hydrostatic pressure occurs when water creates pressure on the opposing side of the building and causes it to fail. This type of pressure can be found on floors constructed below ground level.
The valve is used to discharge storm water. It’s located in the floor drain side wall and is meant to prevent sewage from entering the storm water system.
A basement waterproofing material is injected into the cracks in a basement wall to prevent leaks.
The pouring of concrete into forms that are normally held together through the use of tie-rods creates poured concrete foundations. The area is prone to leaks because of the curing, thermal movement, and water pressure present.
Pressure relief systems are designed and installed below ground level to help reduce the negative impact of a wet basement caused by hydrostatic pressure building up beneath a basement floor.
There is a slightly radioactive gas that can be found in the air and can be found in the basement. It’s considered a health hazard when it reaches certain levels.
It is a material that is used to secure joints on the exterior of a building. It’s important that sealants are able to withstanding the continual movement that occurs along joints during all weather conditions.
There is seepage water in the floor slabs and walls. When a basement’s concrete flooring and walls become damp or start leaking, it is usually a sign. The basement drainage system isn’t functioning properly because it is overloading.
When the openings in blocks are filled with cinder or concrete, there won’t be any holes. This is a solid block. The joints in the mortar are usually leaking.
A brick or block wall can break if it follows an upward path along the joints in mortar. A basement wall can start leaking due to differential settlement or a combination of the two.
Steel restraints are wall reinforcement that uses steel tubing placed vertically against the walls of a basement.
Aggregates are used to backfill an excavation or a trench. The drain tiles are located at the elevation of the footing.
There is a pump that is used to pump water out of a structure.
Changes in temperature can cause thermal movement.
basement wall cracks are caused from differential settlement or heaving walls.
The amount of a basement wall’s horizontal movement is related to the vertical plane of the location.
A wall drainage board is a panel that is made using corrugated or ribbed plastic and placed at an angle against the wall and on top of the wall’s footing.
A water table is the uppermost level of a portion of land that is saturated with water. The water table is believed to be the cause of below grade leaking.